Children without Identity

According to Ms. Masoumeh Ebtekar (Iran’s Vice President for Women’s Affairs), more than 50000 children live in Iran without dentity, they are the result of Iranian women married with citizens of Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan.n The identities of these children are not registered anywhere, and despite the fact that they live among people with identification documents, having the minimum citizenship rights has become a nightmare and a dream for them.

Of course, this is a global and transnational issue, because some of these children are deprived from obtaining birth certificates due to their mother’s marriage to foreign nationalities, or in some cases the father of the family leaves them. The children of these families are deprived of identity cards, and their identities and specifications are not registered anywhere. Having the minimum citizenship rights is also a sweet dream and a bitter nightmare for this deprived group.  These without identity children spend their childhood and happiness age on the streets or in the suburbs of big cities or remote villages. They are deprived from attending school due to the legal prohibition on entering public schools and spend their free time doing unusual things. By not adopting legal solutions, the number of these children and their problems will be increased.

Children without IDs often live in border and colonial cities,but the number of these children in Sistan and Baluchestan province is more than other provinces in Iran. The issuance of identity cards in Sistan and Baluchestan started with the preparation of the first identity card in this district in the name of Mirza Valiullah Raufi, after the establishment of the Statistics and Civil Registry Office of Zabol city on February 21, 1929. It has been 92 years since the first ID card was issued in Sistan and Baluchestan province. Until today, when the issuance of the national smart card is provided, there are women, men and children on the outskirts of the cities of Sistan and Baluchestan province who are deprived of identification documents (passport, national card, identity card, etc). This project has been prepared during five years (from 2014 to 2019) and more than fifteen trips to Sistan and Baluchestan province.